City building - the key questions

I lead multidisciplinary masterplan projects that focus on the development of large-scale mixed-use sites which often include residential units, offices, retail and leisure facilities, and community infrastructure.   My team’s input involves establishing the project vision, urban planning, socioeconomics, funding/finance advisory, establishing public/private partnerships, environmental assessments, engineering and programme management; ultimately leading to the delivery of fully functional pieces of the city.  Through our experience designing and delivering this type of complex development, we have identified the key questions and techniques that result in long-lasting, innovative and truly bankable projects. 

The act of City Building is the single most important objective of development.  Genuine City Building happens when development (big or small) integrates with the city in which it is built and both experience mutual benefit. 

During the design and delivery of every development, we consider:

  • innovations that are locally appropriate
  • how to keep the city moving (physically and economically)
  • who uses the development
  • where the power comes from
  • what kind of funding arrangements generate the most benefit
  • PPP (public private partnership) arrangements that unlock seemingly impossible opportunities 

Unfortunately, development is often simply delivered where there is demand, without rigorous understanding of how the resulting buildings, infrastructure and economic implications will affect the city. 

Haphazard development of this sort misses a significant opportunity and puts the city at risk, even though it may seem perfectly reasonable at the time.  For example, if the long term needs of the city are not considered when development sites are selected, the city may end up with occupied family homes on a site that is needed in the future for an important public transit route.  In this situation, the city has to either displace established families or limit future public transit provision, resulting in decreased land value potential.  Neither is a good option.  BUT if we are able to think strategically and ask the right questions when developing, growth can be long-lasting, equitable and contribute significantly to the city. 

The biggest secret of the development industry is that:

The questions are always the same.  

The answers are always unique.  

When we ask these questions every time we plan, design and implement, we do not simply construct isolated development projects but rather we build pieces of the engine that is the city.  

This is City Building.

Key questions answered by City Building:

Economics
How to maximise benefit and minimise risk?
Land Use Mix
What kind of programme is most viable?
Delivery
When is the time right?
Finance
What are the best funding and finance options?
Responsibility
Would the project benefit from a PPP (public private partnership) approach?
Scale
How big is big?
Identity
What makes an impact?
Memory
Why do people visit, stay and remember?
People
Who are we designing for?
Reinvention
How do we accommodate growth?
Empowerment
How freely can we move about?
Regeneration
Should we start from scratch or restore?
Adaptability
How do we live in an old city?
Efficiency
How do we connect people with people?
Infrastructure
How much to we need?
Resources Where do we plug in?
Future Proofing
How do we plan for changes in lifestyle and climate?


This article was originally published on the Atkins website and is reproduced here with permission. 

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